Proper Mowing Practices

Fertilizers are applied to promote root and shoot growth and produce a dark green lawn. When necessary, herbicides are used to control crabgrass and broadleaf weeds. While fertilization and weed control are important aspects of lawn maintenance, proper mowing is another vital key. In fact, many turf grass problems can be traced back to improper mowing.

Mowing Height and Frequency are the Most Important Aspects of Mowing.

SUGGESTED MOWING HEIGHTS:  These heights are suggested for various grasses:

LAWN GRASS MOWING HEIGHTS
Inches of Height to maintain:
GRASS HEIGHTS
BAHIAGRASS 2½ - 4 INCHES
BENTGRASS
COLONIAL &- CREEPING
¼ - 1 INCHES
BERMUDA - COMMON 1 - 2½ INCHES
BERMUDA - HYBRIDS ½ - 1 INCHES
KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS 1½- 3½ INCHES
BUFFALO 2 - 4 INCHES
CARPETGRASS 1 - 2 INCHES
CENTIPEDE 1½ - 2 INCHES
FESCUE - CREEPING RED 2 - 3 INCHES
FESCUE - FINE 1 - 2 INCHES
FESCUE - TALL 2 - 4 INCHES
RYE ANNUAL & PERENNIAL 2 - 3 INCHES
ST. AUGUSTINE - COMMON 3 - 4 INCHES
ST. AUGUSTINE - IMPROVED 2 - 3 INCHES
ZOYSIA 1 - 2 INCHES

The additional leaf area during summer shades and cools the crowns of the turf grass plants. During hot weather, the temperature near the crown area of short-mowed turf grass may be 20 F or more above the air temperature. Extremely high temperatures at their crowns can kill turf grass plants. The higher mowing height also provides more food-producing foliage and promotes deeper root growth.

Change the mowing direction or pattern each time the lawn is mowed. Different mowing patterns reduce soil compaction and turf wear from the mower wheels. Wear damage is most likely in thin or shady areas. Also, mowing the lawn repeatedly in the same direction pushes the grass over rather than cutting it cleanly.

If possible, mow in the cool of the morning or evening. Mowing at midday places additional stress on the turf and may also cause heat stress related problems for the individual mowing the lawn.

 


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